Description of the Chihuahua

The smallest breed in the world takes its name from the Mexican state where it became fashionable in the late 19th Century. From there its popularity spread to America, and with the publicity gained through celebrity and film star owners the breed became a canine sensation. Bold and saucy in temperament, the breed comes in two varieties: the smooth coat and the long coat, and share the same physical attributes apart from coat type. Outgoing and confident, the Chihuahua has a huge personality in a tiny frame..


At a glance.

Breed Group:Toy 

Vulnerable Native Breed: No 

Size: Small 

How much exercise? Up to 30 minutes per day 

Length of coat: Short (Smooth) or Long

How much grooming? Once a week (Smooth) more often for Long

Supposedly sheds? * Yes 

Town or Country: Either 

Minimum Type/size of home: Flat With garden/terrace

Minimum Garden Size: No minimum

Lifespan Over: 12 Years

* If you are asthmatic or have an allergy, you should consult your medical advisor before considering obtaining a dog. 

More information can also be found on the Kennel Club website.


The Toy Breed Group

The Toy breeds are small companion or lap dogs. Many of the Toy breeds were bred for this capacity although some have been placed into this category simply due to their size. They should have friendly personalities and love attention. They do not need a large amount of exercise and some can be finicky eaters.

Kennel Club Breed Colours recognised

When searching for any puppy of a pedigree breed it is very important that you read the Breed Standard so that you are aware of the ideal picture of the breed.

The following colours are currently used for registration but some of them may not appear in the Breed Standard so If you think you might be interested in showing your puppy, or you wish to maintain the colours which are considered by serious breed enthusiasts and the Kennel Club to be the correct ones, you will need to look into the breed standard further.

Black

Black & Tan

Black & White

Black Particolour

Blue

Blue & Tan

Blue & White

Blue Fawn

Blue Fawn & White

Blue Fawn Sable

Blue Sable

Blue Sable & White

Chocolate

Chocolate & Gold

Chocolate & Tan

Chocolate Tan & White

Cream

Cream & White

Cream Sable

Dark Sable

Fawn

Fawn & White

Fawn Sable

Gold

Gold & White

Gold Sable

Red

Red & White

Red Sable

Red Sable & White

Sable

Sable & White

Tricolour

White

White & Chocolate

Wolf Sable


Colour Not Recognised indicates that a colour is not correct as regards the Breed Standard for the breed. The Breed Standard describes the desired colours in the breed, and while other colours may exist, these are considered undesirable in this breed. Undesirable colours may have occurred due to out crossing, or should be avoided if they are known to indicate conditions which can be detrimental to health. It should be noted however that where a colour is known to be detrimental to health the Kennel Club will refuse registration.

Kennel Club Breed Standard

(Last updated October 2009)

The Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.


General Appearance

Small, dainty, compact.


Characteristics

Alert little dog; swift-moving with brisk, forceful action and saucy expression.


Temperament

Gay, spirited and intelligent, neither snappy nor withdrawn.


Head and Skull

Well rounded ‘apple dome’ skull, cheeks and jaws lean, muzzle moderately short, slightly pointed. Definite stop.


Eyes

Large, round, but not protruding; set well apart; centre of eye is on a plane with lowest point of ear and base of stop; dark or ruby. Light eyes in light colours permissible.


Ears

Large, flaring, set on at an angle of approximately 45 degrees; giving breadth between ears. Tipped or broken down highly undesirable.


Mouth

Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.


Neck

Slightly arched, medium length.


Forequarters

Shoulders well laid; lean, sloping into slightly broadening support above straight forelegs, set well under chest giving freedom of movement without looseness.


Body

Level back. Body, from point of shoulder to rear point of croup, slightly longer than height at withers. Well sprung ribs, deep brisket.


Hindquarters

Muscular; hocks well let down, with good turn of stifle, well apart, turning neither in nor out.


Feet

Small and dainty, turning neither in nor out; toes well divided but not spread, pads cushioned, fine, strong, flexible pasterns. Neither hare- nor cat-like, nails moderately short.


Tail

Medium length, set high, carried up and over back (sickle tail). When moving never tucked under or curled below the topline. Furry, flattish in appearance, broadening slightly in centre and tapering to point.


Gait/Movement

Brisk, forceful action, neither high-stepping nor hackney; good reach without slackness in forequarters, good drive in hindquarters. Viewed from front and behind legs should move neither too close nor too wide, with no turning in or out of feet or pasterns. Topline should remain firm and level when moving.


Coat

Smooth Coat: smooth, of soft texture, close and glossy, with undercoat and ruff permissible.


Colour

Any colour or mixture of colours but never merle (dapple).

(See the colour list added below)


Size

Weight: up to 2.7 kgs (6 lbs), with 1.8 - 2.7 kgs (4 - 6 lbs) preferred.


Faults

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.


Note

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.


*Note for prospective puppy buyers

Size – the Kennel Club Breed Standard is a guide and description of the ideal for the breed; the Size as described does not imply that a dog will match the measurements given (height or weight). A dog might be larger or smaller than the Size measurements stated in the Breed Standard